‘Gender atypical’ subject selection: Statistics
• In 2010, Tully and Jacobs noted that 22% of female students in New South Wales attended a single-sex school, but 40% of female engineering students at the University of Technology in Sydney were from girls’ secondary schools (pp. 458, 463). They concluded that the “culture of a single gender school may provide a unique socialisation process, which allows a young woman the freedom to reach beyond stereotypical career expectations” (p. 463). (Also see, Tully & Jacobs, 2009.)
• There are predictions of worldwide shortages in graduates from STEM courses, yet only 6.6 per cent of Australian girls studied advanced mathematics in 2013, half the rate of boys. Even worse, in NSW, only 1.5 per cent of girls took advanced mathematics, physics and chemistry. Girls’ schools, however, are bucking the trend, with girls choosing to take mathematics, technology and advanced mathematics and physical science combinations at rates far higher than the national average.
• In the seven years that the New Zealand Prime Minister’s Future Science Prize has been awarded for outstanding achievement in carrying out a practical and innovative science research or technology project, the prize has gone to three boys and four girls. Of the four girls, three have attended girls’ schools: Georgia Lala, Diocesan School for Girls (2015), Hannah Ng from St Cuthbert’s College (2012) and Nuan-Ting Huang, Diocesan School for Girls (2011).
• Research shows that girls feel more confident taking information technology (IT) classes in single-sex environments, a finding that is borne out in girls’ schools where IT and computer coding, robotics, electronics, app design and text-based programming are embedded into the curriculum.
• In 2013, Rudolf Eliott Lockhart, Head of Research for the UK’s Independent Schools Council, presented research showing that in 2012, girls from Girls’ Schools Association (GSA) schools in the UK constituted only 5% of girls taking A-levels but comprised 15.9% of girls doing Further Maths, 13.4% of girls doing Physics and 8.9% of girls doing Chemistry. Furthermore, Lockhart’s research showed that girls from GSA schools were awarded:
- 25.9% of all Physics A* grades awarded to girls,
- 24.7% of all Further Maths A* grades awarded to girls, and
- 19.8% of all Chemistry A* grades awarded to girls.
• In 2012, the Institute of Physics (UK) published the It’s Different for Girls report which found that 49% of all government co-ed schools did not have a single female student taking A-level physics (p. 12) and that girls attending independent single-sex schools were four times more likely to take A-level physics than girls in government co-ed schools (p. 15). In fact, 7.2% of girls in single-sex independent schools took A-level physics in 2011 compared with 4.9% of girls in co-ed independent schools, 4.3% of girls in single-sex government schools and 1.8% of girls in co-ed government schools (p. 15).